Catalytic Capital Consortium Grantmaking

The Catalytic Capital Consortium (C3) is an investment, learning, and market development initiative to promote greater and more effective use of catalytic capital, in recognition of its essential role in realizing the full potential of the impact investing field, including in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The C3 Grantmaking program announced $2.2 million in awards to support 14 research projects that will analyze the uses of catalytic capital around the world. Read more here.

Our Goal

Working to increase the knowledge, awareness and use of catalytic capital, the aim of the C3 grantmaking program is to demonstrate the power of catalytic capital as synergistic with other forms of investing across the full continuum of capital (including commercial rates of return) to safeguard the environment, support those most in need, and ultimately enable a more just, inclusive and resilient world.

Together, the C3 Strategic Partners—The Rockefeller Foundation, the Omidyar Network, and the MacArthur Foundation—are supporting field-building work to advance learning and market development related to catalytic capital, helping to answer critical questions about the scope of the need for catalytic capital, when and how catalytic capital can be most effective, and what tools and practices are needed. C3 Grantmaking is a project of the New Venture Fund, which will be making and managing all grants for this work.

Why We Support This Work

As we write this in mid-2020, countries, communities and leaders around the world face a three-part imperative: fighting the COVID-19 pandemic; rebuilding broken economies; and reversing deep disparities in race, class, gender and health. Millions of households, enterprises and funds struggle to access the capital they need to build a better future for themselves and the wider world. Women and people of color, as well as small and growing businesses in emerging markets, are vastly underserved by mainstream banks and investors. As a result, economic development and social progress fall short, and income and wealth disparities continue to widen and grow. The global COVID-19 pandemic has only served to heighten and highlight these inequities.

The Role of Catalytic Capital

For the required post-pandemic rebuilding and reinvention to succeed, we need to continue to adapt and innovate finance and investment. In particular, we need more investment capital that intentionally strives toward building a more equitable and sustainable world, and that is willing to bridge the capital gaps left by conventional investing. This kind of investment capital—which we call catalytic capital—is characterized by greater patience, risk tolerance, concessionality and flexibility than conventional investing.

The use of catalytic capital cuts across different asset classes and diverse types of providers including private and community foundations, high-net-worth individuals and family offices, impact investment wholesalers, corporations and corporate foundations, and governments and development finance institutions (DFIs).

As described in the Tideline report, catalytic capital can play a number of distinct roles including:

  1. Seeding – Catalytic capital can provide support to enterprises and intermediaries pioneering new models that have not yet demonstrated the commercial viability and track record required to attract conventional capital. By enabling these impact pioneers to test, refine and ultimately prove out their business models, catalytic capital helps to build the future pipeline of investable impact opportunities for conventional investors.
  2. Scaling – Catalytic capital can help impact enterprises and intermediaries to scale and expand their business into new situations, population segments and geographies. In many cases, such investments are also intentionally structured and deployed in ways that de-risk and mobilize additional investment from conventional investors.
  3. Sustaining – Catalytic capital can help to sustain impact enterprises and intermediaries that require subsidy on an ongoing basis, in order to maintain a focus on serving hard-to-reach beneficiaries or otherwise operate a business model that cannot achieve full commercial viability.

We acknowledge that the concept of catalytic capital is related to and overlaps with existing areas of work,[1] most notably the efforts of development finance institutions (DFIs) in the area of blended finance. As such, the C3 initiative intends for any work it supports to recognize existing knowledge and work in related areas with and clearly additionality and complementarity.[2]

It is important to note that our practice and understanding of catalytic capital is not static and continues to evolve. For instance, in 2020, we have seen capital with a higher risk appetite and flexibility being deployed to sustain impactful enterprises that would otherwise have been crushed by the economic fallout of the global pandemic.

[1] For more information and examples of how catalytic capital relates to other concepts – such as blended finance, please refer to the “Lexicon of Terms” on page 5 of the Tideline (2019) Catalytic Capital: Unlocking Investment and Impact (

[2] For example, while the field of blended finance has had a strong focus on the use of catalytic capital in achieving simultaneous mobilization of conventional capital (e.g., in a capital stack), it has not had as much focus on the sequential mobilization of conventional capital by catalytic capital, as models and markets ‘graduate’ over time.

Catalytic Capital Resources

Click here to see a set of introductory resources on catalytic capital and how it has been deployed effectively, that the C3 Strategic Partners have compiled.

C3 Grantmaking Approach and Priorities

To make real progress toward a more just, equitable and resilient world, we need to unlock more catalytic capital and ensure that it is deployed more efficiently. As a first step, the C3 grantmaking program is supporting work to equip the investor community with the knowledge and tools required to deploy greater and more effective investments of catalytic capital. This will involve efforts to build and advance knowledge about catalytic capital, as well as engage and work closely with the providers of this capital including, among others, foundations, development finance institutions and family offices and foundations.

Based on research and analysis of market needs (see the recent article from Havey Koh at FSG in the Stanford Social Innovation Review for more details), C3 has decided to fund work along the following streams:

1. Strengthening the Evidence Base

This workstream will focus on building knowledge about why and where catalytic capital has been needed, what it looks like, who has been involved, how it has been utilized, and what outcomes have been the result, drawing on current and historical experience from around the world. We believe that this evidence base will serve as an important foundation on which other workstreams, both now and in the future, will be built. This application window closed on March 31st, 2021, and awardees were announced on October 13th, 2021. If you would like to learn more about this grant process, please click here. To learn more about the funded projects, click here

2. Advancing Practice

This area of work supports engagement and collective learning with leading catalytic capital providers to identify and share current best practices, as well as advancements in this form of investing. The key objective is to help practitioners solve technical or practical implementation challenges regarding the deployment of catalytic capital, focusing on knowledge guides, convenings and other activities that are targeted to specific use cases and inform and support effective deployment of catalytic capital in the wider field of impact investing. Note: This is a programmatic workstream – no grants will be made through the Advancing Practice workstream.

3. Open Source Ideas

C3 partners believe that there may be challenges and potential solutions relating to catalytic capital that are not captured in the evidence base and advancing practice grant workstreams. As such, this work opens a window to support and develop innovative and urgent solutions from diverse stakeholders that help address key barriers in the deployment of catalytic capital that do not fall into our other grant workstreams, including the building of infrastructure to facilitate capital flows. Note: Details on this work will be forthcoming in January 2022.

As a complement to these workstreams, the C3 grantmaking program will be working with a number of network partners to engage a range of investor audiences and amplify learnings and messages.

The C3 grantmaking program will continue to evolve as the C3 partners continue to actively identify further priority market needs and consider how best to support those. For enquiries and queries, please contact the C3 grantmaking program officer, Emily Duma.

The photo above is from SunColombia,a leading Colombian supplier of solar energy solutions for on-grid and off-grid clients, including projects in some of the most remote parts of Colombia. SunColombia is an investee of ALIVE Ventures, a private equity impact fund which invests in companies that tackle inequality in Colombia, Peru, and Central America, with a focus on agribusiness, education/access to formal jobs, and renewable energy. ALIVE Ventures is one of the MacArthur Foundation C3 Field Partnerships –  learn more about this and other MacArthur C3 investments here.